Suzhou Classical Garden, Suzhou, Jiangsu (苏州园林,苏州市,江苏省)

For Suzhou classical garden to absorb the essence of the art of landscape architecture is the excellent Chinese cultural heritage according to the United Nations cultural heritage of mankind and nature. Suzhou gardens are good at the limited space with cleverly subtle changes of landscape composition and structures to win this reputation. Nets Garden, Humble Administrator’s Garden, and Lingering Garden referred to collectively as “the four famous gardens of Suzhou”, known as ” classical garden, a garden in Suzhou” reputation.

One classical garden of Suzhou can reward a visitor because people can experience the ease of life, observe this classical Chinese style of architecture. The gardens can be characterized as densely populated with a lack of natural scenery of the city, with the pursuit of human and nature in harmony, which improves the living environment. .
Suzhou is located in water and spreads all over Lake Ditch. The land has large profit potential due to the water on the garden near Tai and a sophisticated fit mounded rockery Linglong. Along with hundred ancient Suzhou booming industry officials, Yin and enriching the people, is perfectly placed to pursue high-quality living environment. In addition Suzhou folk art has always been advocating the pursuit of perfection, eternal inheritance, and focus Whether it is countryside residential areas, or Giardia, are meticulously designed and built their own originality. These basic factors contributed greatly to the development of the Suzhou gardens.

According to local history records, the size of gardens in Suzhou city, in regards to the layout, structure, and style of art has its own characteristics, resulting in the heyday of the Suzhou gardens. These four classical gardens fully demonstrate the Chinese art of gardening and the level of national pride. These gardens cover an area not too wide, but cleverly use of a variety of gardening techniques and practices the arts would-be pavilions, flowers and trees together to simulate the natural scenery, and create a “forest city”, “. They are systematic and comprehensive display of the Suzhou classical gardens’ building layout, structure, shape, style, color and decoration, furniture, furnishings and other aspects, which are Ming and Qing Dynasties (14 ~ 20 century). On behalf of the building of Jiangnan works reflected in the Jiangnan region during the height of Chinese civilization, the lifestyle have affected the entire southern style architecture of the city, led the city in design of civil architecture, design, layout, construction technology, as well as its aesthetic side. This fact reflects the city’s the level of science and technology and construction artistic achievements. Landscaping at the living environment attempts to mirror the United States natural beauty, culture and other aspects.
One of the important characteristics of the Classical Gardens of Suzhou is that it is not only a product of history and culture, but also traditional Chinese thought and culture carrier. Room of the house in the garden of the name plaques, couplets, Oplegnathus books, sculptures, and decorations are not only exquisite works of art, but at the same time saves a lot of history, culture. The thought and scientific information, with the content and spirit of its material preserved in these gardens is deep. The gardens hold the influence of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, with its philosophical concepts, schools of thought. The gardens brings together well-preserved ancient Chinese calligraphy handwriting, but also are valuable works of art, has a very high heritage value. In addition, the classical gardens of Suzhou, reflects the ancient Chinese people living off the pro-southern way of life and ritual practices, which demonstrates the understanding and study of ancient Chinese folk materials of Jiangnan.

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